Leighton Professor of Law
Northwestern University School of Law
357 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611
Home Phone: (312) 587-8997
Office Phone: (312) 503-8474 Fax: (312) 587-9969
DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
January 10, 1937. New York City.
A.B., Cornell University, 1958.
J.D., Harvard University, 1961.
Ph.D., Columbia University, 1968.
Social Science Council Research Fellow in Nonparametric Statistics,
University of Michigan, 1968.
Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, Cornell University, 1957.
Distinction and High Honors, Cornell University, 1958.
Editor, Harvard Law Review, 1959-61.
Magna cum laude, Harvard Law School, 1961.
Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, 1967-68.
Certificate of Merit, American Society of International Law for
Perkins-Bauer Teaching Professorship, Northwestern University School of Law, 1985.
Carl H. Fulda Award 1987-1988 for Outstanding Achievement in International Law,
University of Texas, 1988.
Stanford Clinton Sr. Research Professorship, Northwestern University School of Law,
Leighton Chair, Northwestern University, 1990-date.
Robert H. Marx Lecturer, University of Cincinnati, 1996.
Human Rights Advocacy Award, Northwestern University Center for International
Human Rights, 1998
Fellow, NU Center for the Humanities, 1999-2000
Instructor in Political Science, 1963-66.
University of Oregon:
Visiting Professor of Law, 1973-74.
Cardozo Law School (Yeshiva University):
Visiting Professor of Law, Fall Semester 1986.
Assistant Professor of Law and Political Science, 1968-1971.
Associate Professor of Law, 1971-74.
Lecturer on Professional Ethics, School of Medicine, 1976-1991.
Professor of Law, 1974-date.
Courses taught include: Constitutional Law, Justice, International
Environmental Law, Torts, Jurisprudence, Legal Ethics, International Human Rights,
International Intellectual Property, National Security
PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS AND ACTIVITIES:
American Bar Association. Member of the Council, Section of International
and Practice, 1985-88. Chair, Committee on International Courts, 1984-86.
Co-Chair, InterBar Study Group on the Independence of Lawyers and Judges,1985-87.
American Journal of International Law. Board of Editors, 1981-1994, 2006-date
American Society of International Law. Chair, 1985 Annual Meeting. Chair,
Nominating Committee 1980. Member of the Executive Council, 1980-83. Chair:
Ad Hoc Committee on Compulsory Jurisdiction of the World Court, 1984.
Member and Advisory Editor, Guiding Principles of International Law
Project (MacArthur Foundation), 1989. Representative to the Earth Summit,
Rio de Janeiro, 1992. Chair, Committee on Governance, 1995. Co-chair, Task Force
on Terrorism and International Law, 2002-
American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy. Member, 1972-.
Association of American Law Schools. Secretary (1984) and President
International Law Section. President (1984), Jurisprudence Section.
Chicago Council on Foreign Relations, Chicago Committee, 1999-
Human Rights Interest Group, American Society of International Law.
Founder (1985), Chair, 1985-1997.
International Law Association. Member, 1982-.
International League for Human Rights. Member, 1971-1990.
Journal of International Legal Studies, Advisory Editor, 1995-.
Jurist http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/, Contributing Editor, 2001-
Jurist Hotline http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/hotline/, Contributor, 2006-
Lawyer's Committee on Nuclear Policy, Member of the Consultative Council, 1982-.
Transnational/Brill Publishers Inc., Board of Editors, 1984-.
World Habeas Corpus. Executive Director, 1975-1984.
Who's Who in America.
Who's Who in American Law.
Who's Who in American Education.
Who's Who in Public International Law.
Lead counsel for plaintiff, Lars Erik Gustav Lindstrom v. Jerome F. Graber,
(203 F.3d 470, C.A.7 (Ill.), 7th Cir. Ct. of Appeals, 1999-2001) (international extradition)
Lead counsel for defendant, Prosecutor v. Kovacevic, International Criminal
for Former Yugoslavia 1998 (IT-97-24-T) (first case charging a Serb with genocide).
Co-Counsel for relator, State of Missouri ex rel. Rashid v. The Honorable
C. Drumm, 824 S.W.2d 497 (E. Dist. 1992).
Counsel for plaintiffs, Nelson v. Saudi Arabia, 923 F.2d 1528
(11th Cir. 1991) (first
American decision finding subject-matter jurisdiction over foreign sovereign for
tort committed in sovereign's territory).
Counsel for Applicant, Kamasinski v. Austria, European Court
of Human Rights
(1989) (first American attorney to argue before this court).
Counsel for plaintiff, Branion v. Gramly, 855 F.2d 1266 (7th Cir. 1988).
Counsel for appellant, Carmichael v. United Technologies Corp.,
835 F.2d 10
(5th Cir. 1988).
Counsel for plaintiff, Flynn v. Secretary of State George Shultz,
748 F.2d 1186
(7th Cir. 1985).
Co-Counsel for plaintiffs, Von Dardel v. Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, 623 F.
Supp.246 (D.D.C. 1985) (the "Raoul Wallenberg Case")
Counsel for plaintiff, Frolova v. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,
558 F. Supp. 358 (N.D. Ill. 1983), 761 F.2d 370 (7th Cir. 1985).
Co-Counsel for plaintiffs, Ethiopia & Liberia v. Union of South Africa,
International Court of Justice, 1966 ICJ Rep. 6.
Counsel for defendants-appellants, United States v. Baranski, 484 F.2d
(7th Cir. 1973) (Section of Military Selective Service Act held unconstitutional)
International Law Today: A Handbook (with Jennifer Abbassi) Thomson-West (2006)
International Law Sources: Collected Papers, Volume 3 (2004)
International Intellectual Property Coursebook (with Doris Estelle Long)
with 2002 Supplement to Coursebook and 2002 Documents Supplement to Coursebook
The Alien Tort Claims Act: An Analytical Anthology (with Ralph G. Steinhardt) (1999)
European Union Law Anthology (with Karen Kole) (1998)
International Intellectual Property Law (with Doris Estelle Long, 1997)
International Law Studies: Collected Papers Volume Two (1997)
Analytic Jurisprudence Anthology (1996)
Introduction to Law and Legal Thinking (1996)
International Intellectual Property Anthology (with Doris Estelle Long) (1996)
International Environmental Law Anthology (with Kirsten Engel) (1995) Word
International Law and Political Reality: Collected Papers Volume One (1995)
International Law Coursebook (1994)
International Law Anthology (1994)
Justice and the Legal System (with Arthur Jacobson) (1992)
How to Understand the Law (1989)
International Law: Process and Prospect (l987. Second edition, 1995)
Jurisprudence: A Descriptive and Normative Analysis of Law(1984)
Assyrian Case for Autonomy (1982)
International Law and World Order (1980) (with Burns Weston &
Second edition, 1990
Basic Documents in International Law and World Order (1980) (with
Weston & Richard Falk). Second edition, 1990
Desegregation from Brown to Alexander: An Exploration of Supreme
Court Strategies (1978) (with Stephen Wasby & Rosemary Metrailer)
Environment and the Law of the Sea (1974) (with John L. Hargrove)
The Judiciary and Vietnam (1972) (with Robert O'Neil)
The Concept of Custom in International Law (1971) The author has a few copies of this book, which is out of print, and would be willing to donate a copy to a major library which does not have a copy in its collection
The Realities of Vietnam (1968) (with Christopher Beal)
The Legality of the Use of Force Short of War (1963) (with Robert
B. BOOKS UNDER CONTRACT
International Law as a Complex Self-Regulating System (publication expected 2012)
The Concept of Custom in International Law: 2nd Revised and Expanded
(publication expected 2012)
International Law Litigation: Collected Papers, Vol. 4
(publication expected 2012)
Non-State Actors from the Perspective of the Policy-Oriented School: Power, Law, Actors and the View from New Haven, pg.64-75 in Participants in the International Legal System: Multiple perspectives on Non-State Actors in International Law, ed. by Jean d'Aspremont. London and New York, Routledge, 2011. Also pub. as Power, Law, Actors, and the View from New Haven http://ssrn.com/abstract=1612488
International Law as a Unitary System, Chap. 6, pp. 101-111, in Handbook of International Law, David Armstrong, ed., Routledge, 2009. Also SSRN NULS Public Law Research Paper, no.08-02. Word
National Prosecutions for International Crimes, in 3 M.C.Bassiouni (ed.), International
Criminal Law (International Enforcement), 3d ed. Nijhoff/Brill 285-295 (2008)
Defenses to War Crimes : A Conceptual Overview , pp.101-118 in War Crimes and Law, ed. by Anila V. Menon, Hyderabad , Amicus Books (The Icfai University Press), 2008. Also in NULS Public Law and Legal Theory Series, No. 07-04, SSRN. Word
On the Legitimacy of International Institutions, in Legitimacy in International Law, pp. 87-92, eds. A.von Bogdandy and R.Wolfram (Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, Bd. 194), Springer Verlag, 2008, also in NULS Public Law Research Paper, No. 06-32, SSRN Word
International Law from a Machiavellian Perspective, in The Realist Tradition and Contemporary International Relations, W. David Clinton ed., Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press, pp. 82-95 (2007) Word
International Law as an Autopoietic
System, pp.335-399 in Rüdiger Wolfrum & Volker
(Max-Planck Institut für ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht Beitrage 177),
Developments of International Law in Treaty Making, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2005.
International Law, Cybernetics, and
Cyberspace, in Computer Network Attack
and International Law (Naval War College International Law Studies, v.76) 59-71 (2002)
On Genocide, in International
Law across the Spectrum of Conflict: Essays in Honour of
Professor L.C. Green on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday (Naval War College
International Law Studies, v.75) 119-130 (2000) Word
Megatrends in the Use of Force, in
The Law of Armed Conflict: Into the Next Millenium
(Naval War College International Law Studies, Volume 71) 1-16 (1998) Word
Purposeful Ambiguity as International Legal Strategy: The Two China Problem, in Jerzy Makarczyk (ed.) Theory of International Law at the Threshold of the 21st Century: Essays in Honour of Krzysztof Skubiszewski 109-121 (1996). Word
The Relation of the Individual
to the State in the Era of Human Rights, in M. Gibney
(ed.), World Justice? U.S. Courts and International Human Rights 161 (1991). Word
United States Experience at the
International Court of Justice (with Mary Ellen
O'Connell), in L.F. Damrosch (ed.), The International Court of Justice at a Crossroads
Sorting Out the World Court's Role
in Compulsory Jurisdiction, in
A.C. Arend (ed.), The United States and the Compulsory Jurisdiction of the
International Court of Justice 227 (1986).
The Law-Generating Mechanisms
of the Law of the Sea Conference and
Convention, in J.M. Van Dyke (ed.), Consensus and Confrontation: The United
States and the Law of the Sea Convention 125 (1985).
The Enforcement of Norms and Rules with
Respect to Nonparties, in J.M. Van Dyke
(ed.) Consensus and Confrontation: The United States and the Law of the Sea
Convention 488 (1985).
The Frolova Case, in Contemporary
Issues in International Law: Essays in Honor of
Louis B. Sohn 89 (Thomas Buergenthal ed. 1984)
What "Counts" as Law?, in Law-Making
in the Global Community 83 (Nicholas G.
Onuf ed. 1982). Word
The Relevance of Machiavelli to Contemporary
World Politics, in The Political
Calculus: Essays on Machiavelli's Philosophy 209 (Anthony Parel ed. 1972)
The American Constitution and
the Air War, in the Air War in Indochina 113
(Raphael Littauer & Norman Uphoff eds. 1972), reprinted in 9 Transaction (July
1972) and 142 Current (July 1972).
The Politics of Ecosuicide, in The Politics of Ecosuicide 1 (Leslie Roos ed. 1971).
New Approaches to Customary International Law: Review Essay, 105 AJIL (2011)
The Coerciveness of International Law, 52 German Yearbook of International Law (Jahrbuch fur Internationales Recht 2009), pp. 438- 460, 2010 pdf
Legal Realism Explains Nothing, 1 Washington University Jurisprudence Rev (2009) 1-20 Word
A Few Steps toward an Explanatory Theory of International Law, 7 Santa Clara Jl Int Law 2010, pp.1-23 Word
Softness in International Law: A Self-Serving Quest for New Legal Materials: A Reply to Jean
d'Aspremont, 20 European Journal of International Law, pp.897-910 (2009) Word
Proposal for Breaking the Israel-Palestine Deadlock, Jurist Forum, 10-28-09
Hamas, the Gaza War, and Accountability Under International Law, Jurist, 6-15-09
The Two Koreas : The Armistice and the Boundary, Jurist, 6/1/09
International Soft Law, Hard Law, and Coherence SSRN Word
Obama Has Duty to Go After War Criminals, Chicago Sun-Times op-ed, 12/3/08 Word
The FBI's New Guidelines, Jurist 10/7/08 Word
A New (and Better) Interpretation of Holmes's Prediction Theory of Law, 2008, SSRN Link Word
Contested Morality: Judge Posner on Infanticide, Slavery, Suttee, Female Genital Mutilation,
and the Holocaust, 2008, SSRN Link Word
Are We Forgetting the Kurds? Jurist Forum 8/4/08 Word
Why is International Law Binding? 7/8/08 SSRN link Word
Natural Law: A Libertarian View, 3 FIU Law Review, pp. 97-111, 2007;
Also SSRN Northwestern Public Law Research Paper, no. 08-03;
in P.S. Sabiha, ed. Natural Law: A Jurisprudential Debate pp32-48 (Icfai Univ. Pr, 2008) Word
Waterboarding: The Key Question for Mukasey, Jurist 10/19/07 Word
Independence for Kosovo? Jurist 6/16/07 Bepress link Word
Kosovo: The UN Plans a Human Rights Disaster, Jurist 3/27/07; also in
17 no.2 Survey of East European Law 1-3 (2007) Word
True Confessions? The Amazing Tale of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, Jurist, 3/16/07 Word
Defenses to War Crimes: A Conceptual Overview, NULS Public Law and Legal Theory Series, No. 07-04, SSRN Word
International Humanitarian Law: Prospects, edited by John Carey et al. (v. 3 of series),
Foreword, pp. xi-xii (Transnational, 2006) Word
The Interdisciplinary Turn in Legal Education, NULS Public Law Research Paper, No. 06-32, SSRN Word
Israel's Borders under International Law, NULS Public Law Research Paper, No. 06-34, SSRN Word
Bolton in Sheep's Clothing, Jurist, 11/20/06 Word
Pyongyang and Proliferation: The UN North Korea Resolution, Jurist 10/17/06 Word
The UN Mideast Ceasefire Resolution Paragraph-by-Paragraph, Jurist 8/13/06 Word
Israel's new ground offensive and the UN peacekeeping plan, Jurist 8/9/06 Word
A proposed UN resolution on the Middle East, Jurist 8/7/06 Bepress link Word
The Draft UN Middle East Ceasefire Resolution, Jurist 8/6/06 Word
Qana, War Crimes, and the Pending UN Resolution on Lebanon, Jurist 7/31/06 Word
War Crimes and the Mideast Conflict, Jurist, July 24, 2006 Word
International Law Aspects of the Mideast 'War', Jurist, July 18, 2006 Word
A Quick Primer on Logic and Rationality, NULS Public Law Research Paper, no. 913016, SSRN, 6/2/06 Word
Porn Up, Rape Down, NULS Public Law Research Paper No. 913013, SSRN; also in Elizabeth Schroeder, Taking Sides: Clashing Views In Family and Personal Relationships, 8th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2007, pp.253-256; and in “Porn Up, Rape Down” 2 (no. 3) The Original Law Review, pp. 91-99 (2006) Word
The Need for a Theory of International Law, NULS Working Paper, SSRN, 7/18//06 Word
The Contribution of the Infield
Fly Rule to Western Civilization (and Vice Versa),
100 Northwestern University Law Review (Centennial Issue) 189-200 (2006) Word Bepress link
The West Bank Wall: Part I: Jurisdiction, Part II: Merits, Jurist, 2004
International Humanitarian Law: Challenges, edited by John Carey et al. (v. 2 of series), Foreword, pp. xiii-xviii (Transnational, 2004) Word
Trying Saddam: The Iraqi Special Tribunal for Crimes against Humanity, Jurist, Dec. 15, 2003
Secrecy in Courts, 6 The Long Term View: A Journal of Informed Opinion 23-25 (2003)
Why Be Fair When You Can Have Welfare? (August 2003). Public Law and Legal Theory Paper,Working Paper 23. Bepress Legal Repository Word
International Humanitarian Law: Origins, ed. by J. Carey et al, (v.1 of series), Foreword pp.xvii-ix (Transnational, 2003)
The Road Map: Looking for Peace in the Middle East, Jurist, May 2, 2003
International Law, in The Oxford Companion to American Law, pp. 423-427 (Oxford University Press, 2002)
of Nonhuman Animals (featured in panel discussions II and III of
5th Annual Conference on Animals and the Law), 8 Animal Law 19-60 (2002)
There is No Norm of Intervention or
Non-Intervention in International Law,
7 International Legal Theory 33-40 (2001) Word
Milosevic's Witnesses, Jurist, February 9, 2002
Observations on the Forthcoming Milosevic Trial, Jurist, August 3, 2001
International Law and Regulation
of the Internet, 89 Kentucky Law
Journal 575-579 (2001) Word
Defending a Person Charged with Genocide,
1 Chicago Journal of International
Law 459-469 (2000) Word
The Effect of Legal Theories on Judicial Decisions,
Law Review 517-527 (1999) Word
Brave New Scholarship, 49 Journal of Legal Education 143-149 (1999)
Globalizing Adoption: Linking Children
and Adoptive Parents, 116 Christian
Century 668-669 (1999)
A Brief Review
of the Indictment against Milosevic and Others of 27 May 1999
33 (10) United Nations Law Reports 133-136 (June 1999) Word
International Law and Kosovo, 33 United Nations Law Reports 112 (1999) Word
Legal and Moral Dimensions of Churchill's
Failure to Warn, 20 Cardozo Law
Review 561-567 (1998) Word
Customary International Law: A Reformulation,
4 International Legal Theory 1-6
Law and War: A Doctrine of Deterrence, 35 UN Chronicle 52-53 (1998)
Cross-Country Adoption: A Call to Action,
73 Notre Dame Law Review 1239 (1998)
(Propter Honoris Respectum issue honoring Professor Glendon). Word
Israel's Air Strike against the Osiraq
Reactor: A Retrospective, 10 Temple International
and Comparative Law Journal 259-264 (1996) Word
The Injustice of Dynamic Statutory Interpretation,
64 U. Cin. L. Rev. 911-935
Human Rights as Part of Customary International
Law: A Plea for Change of Paradigms, 25
Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 47-98 (1995) Word
The Moral and Legal Basis for Sanctions, 19 Fletcher Forum 19 (1995). Word
World Conferences and the Cheapening
of International Norms, 1 St. Louis-Warsaw
Transatlantic Law Journal 9 (1995) Word
The Path of International Law, 1 Journal of International Legal Studies 1 (1995) Word
Peace v. Accountability in Bosnia,
88 American Journal of International Law 500 (1994) Word
On the Connection Between Law and Justice,
26 University of California at Davis
Law Review 527 (1993), reprinted in part in Joel Feinberg & Hyman Gross
(eds.), Philosophy of Law 19-30 (5th ed. 1995) Word
Post-Revolutionary Law and Economics:
A Foreward to the Symposium, 20 Hofstra
Law Review 757 (1992) Word
Counterintuitive Consequences of "Plain
Meaning," 33 Arizona Law Review
529 (1991) Word
International Criminal Law and the Macro-Micro
Problem, 15 Nova Law Review
It's a Bird, It's a Plane, It's Jus Cogens!
6 Connecticut Journal of International Law 1
Torture as Raison d'Etat, 10 Criminal Justice Ethics 40 (1991)
Rethinking Legal Education, 74 Marquette Law Review 1 (1990)
Whales: Their Emerging Right to Life
(co-author Sudhir K. Chopra), 85 American
Journal of International Law 21 (1991) Word
Self-Regulation of Judicial Misconduct Could
be Mis-Regulation, 89 Michigan Law
Review 609 (1990) Word
Harmful Speech and the Culture
of Indeterminacy, 32 William & Mary Law Review
207 (1990) Word
Pragmatic Indeterminacy, 85 Northwestern Law Review 148 (1990) Word
Aspects of Deconstruction: Refuting
Indeterminacy With One Bold Thought,
85 Northwestern Law Review 113 (1990) Word
The Imposition of Attorney Sanctions
for Claims Arising From the U.S. Air Raid
on Libya, 84 American Journal of International Law 705 (1990) Word
Aspects of Deconstruction: Thought Control
in Xanadu, 84 Northwestern Law
Review 1086 (1990) Word
Aspects of Deconstruction: The Failure
of the Word "Bird," 84 Northwestern Law
Review 536 (1990) Word
The Ultimate Injustice: When a Court
Misstates the Facts, 11 Cardozo Law Review
1313 (1990) Word
Aspects of Deconstruction: The "Easy
Case" of the Under-aged President, 84
Northwestern Law Review 250 (1990) Word
The Invasion of Panama was a Lawful
Response to Tyranny, 84 American Journal of
International Law 516 (1990) Word
Do We Owe a Duty to Future Generations
to Preserve the Global Environment?
84 American Journal of International Law 190 (1990) Word
A New Political Truth: Exposure to
Sexually Violent Materials Causes Sexual
Violence 31 William & Mary Law Review 575 (1990) Word
International Law in the Curriculum,
2 Pace Yearbook of International Law 83
Can Any Legal Theory Constrain Any Judicial
Decision? 43 University of Miami
Law Review 513 (1989) Word
Is International Law Part of Natural Law? 9 Vera Lex 8 (1989) Word
As Gregor Samsa Awoke One Morning from
Uneasy Dreams He Found
Himself Transformed into an Economic Analyst of Law, 83 Northwestern
Law Review 1012 (1989) Word Gregor Samsa Replies Word
International Law in the Public Forum:
The New York Times and the
Libyan Chemical Weapons Plant, 83 American Journal of International Law
Can Legislatures Constrain Judicial
Interpretation of Statutes? 75 Virginia Law
Review 561 (1989) Word
What Does it Mean To Be an Internationalist? 10 Michigan Journal of International
Law 102 (1989).
The Relation of the Individual
to the State in the Era of Human Rights, 24 Texas
Journal of International Law 1 (1989) Word
Custom and Treaty: A Response to
Professor Weisburd, 21 Vanderbilt Journal of
International Law 459 (1988).
A Brief Rejoinder, 21 Vanderbilt Journal of International Law 489 (1988).
State Responsibility for the Exportation
of Nuclear Power Technology (with Kirsten
Engel), 74 Virginia Law Review 1011 (1988) Word
The Theory of Customary International Law,
1988 Proceedings American Society of
International Law 242 Word
International Human Rights at the
Close of the Twentieth Century, 22 International
Lawyer 167 (1988). Word
The Alien Tort Statute and the Founding
of the Constitution, 82 American Journal of
International Law 62 (1988) Word
The Decline and Fall of Law Teaching
in the Age of Student Consumerism, 37
Journal of Legal Education 461 (1987)
The President and International Law:
A Missing Dimension, 81 American Journal of
International Law 375 (1987) Word
Trashing Customary International
Law, 81 American Journal of International Law
101 (1987) Word
Superior Orders vs. Command Responsibility,
80 American Journal of International
Law 604 (1986) Word
Public International Law as a Career,
1 American University Journal of International
Law and Policy 5 (1986)
The United States Should Accept, by
a New Declaration, the General Compulsory
Jurisdiction of the World Court, 80 American Journal of International Law 331 (1986) Word
Whither Jurisprudence? 6 Cardozo Law Review 971 (1985) Word
The Moral Dilemma of Positivism, 20 Valparaiso University Law Review 43 (1985) Word
Nicaragua and International Law: The "Academic" and the "Real", 79
Journal of International Law 657 (1985) Word
Is International Law Really "Law"? 79 Northwestern Law Review 1293 (1985) Word
Modifying U.S. Acceptance of the Compulsory
Jurisdiction of the World Court,
79 American Journal of International Law 385 (1985) Word
Judge Bork's Concept of the Law of Nations
is Seriously Mistaken, 79 American
Journal of International Law 92 (1985) together with Professor Rubin's Reply Does
Not Live Up to Its Title, 79 AJIL 112 (1985) Word
Three Models of Legal Ethics
(co-author Edward J. Eberle), 27 St. Louis University
Law Journal 761 (1983) Word
The Purposive Dimension of International
Law, 9 Brooklyn Journal of International
Law 311 (1983) Word
The Frolova Case: A Practitioner's
View, 1 New York Law School Human Rights
Annual 33 (1983) Word
Israel's Air Strike Upon the Iraqi Nuclear
Reactor, 77 American Journal of
International Law 584 (1983) Word
An Alternative to the Law of the Sea Convention,
77 American Journal of
International Law 281 (1983) Word
The Concept of Human Rights in International
Law, 82 Columbia Law Review 1110
Legal Uncertainty, 71 California Law Review 1 (1983) Word
Lon Fuller and Substantive Natural
Law, 26 American Journal of Jurisprudence 202
The Speluncean Explorers—Further Proceedings,
32 Stanford Law Review 467
(1980), reprinted in part in Joel Feinberg & Hyman Gross (eds.), Philosophy of
Law 549 (5th ed. 1995) Word
Judicial Legislation, 1 Cardozo Law Review 63 (1979) Word
Disqualification of Counsel—The
Westinghouse Litigation, 61 Chicago Bar Record 88
Are Human Rights Good for International
Business?1 Northwestern Journal
International Law & Business 22 (1979) Word
Contemporary Views of the Sources of International Law: The Effect of U.S. Resolutions on Emerging Legal Norms, 1979 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 300
The Limits of Legal Realism, 87 Yale Law Journal 468 (1978) Word
Can/Should Computers Replace Judges? 11 Georgia Law Review 1277 (1977) Word
The Functions of Oral Argument in the
United States Supreme Court (with Stephen
L. Wasby & Rosemary Metrailer), 62 Quarterly Journal of Speech 410 (1976)
Obligation to Obey the Law: A Study
of the Death of Socrates, 49 Southern
California Law Review 1079 (1976) Word
Towards a Reconciliation
of Positivism and Naturalism: A Cybernetic Approach to
a Problem of Jurisprudence, 14 Western Ontario Law Review 171 (1975)
The "Bad Samaritan" Paradigm, 70 Northwestern Law Review 798 (1975) Word
International Law and Rawls' Theory of
Justice, 5 Denver Journal of International
Law 525 (1975) Word
Elmer's Rule: A Jurisprudential Dialogue, 60 Iowa Law Review 1129 (1975) Word
The Impact of Impact Statements Upon
Agency Responsibility: A Prescriptive
Analysis (with James H. Baxter), 59 Iowa Law Review 195 (1973)
Written Statement of the International League
for the Rights of Man Filed with the
International Court of Justice in the Namibia Question (with Arthur Rovine),
4 New York University Journal of International Law & Politics 335 (1971).
The Content of International
Law as Psychological Data, 10 Columbia Journal of
Transnational Law 66 (1971).
Environmental Degradation and Legal Action, 26 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 24
(1970), reprinted in The Environmental Law Handbook (Norman Laudau & Paul
Rheingold eds. 1971).
Brief for Constitutional Lawyers' Committee
on Undeclared War as Amicus Curiae,
Massachusetts v. Laird (with Richard Cummings, Harrop Freeman, Jon M. Van
Dyke, Lawrence Sager & Lawrence Velvel), 17 Wayne Law Review 79 (1971) Word
The Relation of Theories of Jurisprudence
to International Politics and Law,
27 Washington & Lee Law Review 257 (1970) Word
The Massachusetts Antiwar Bill, 42 New York State Bar Journal 639 (1970). Word
The Authoritativeness of Custom
in International Law, 53 Rivista Di Diritto
Internazionale 491 (1970)
On Consensus, 8 Canadian Yearbook of International Law 104 (1970)
Massachusetts in the Federal Courts:
The Constitutionality of the Vietnam War,
4 Journal of Law Reform 11 (1970) Word
Manifest Intent and the Generation
by Treaty of Customary Rules of International
Law, 64 American Journal of International Law 892 (1970) Word
Machiavelli's View of International Law, 5 Justinian Law Journal 31 (1970).
War Crimes and Vietnam: The Nuremburg
Defense and the Military Service
Resister (with Harvey L. Gould & Larry D. Woods), 57 California Law Review
1055 (1969), reprinted in 3 The Vietnam War and International Law 407 (Richard
A. Falk ed. 1972) Word
Vietnam and Public
2 Vanderbilt International Law Review 100
The Concept of Special Custom in
International Law, 63 American Journal of
International Law 211 (1969) Word
Consent, Estoppel and Reasonableness:
Three Challenges to Universal
International Law, 10 Virginia Journal of International Law 1 (1969) Word
Wanted: A Comprehensive Theory of
Custom in International Law, 4 Texas
International Law Forum 28 (1968) Word
Psychological Constructs in Foreign
Policy Prediction, 11 Journal
Resolution 294 (1967) Word
Legal and Political Strategies of the South
West Africa Litigation, 4 Law in
Transition Quarterly 8 (1967), reprinted in The South West Africa/Nambia
Dispute: Documents and Scholarly Writings (Jon Dugard ed. 1973)
International Law—Content and Function: A
Review, 11 Journal of Conflict
Resolution 504 (1967).
Legal Aspects of the French Nuclear
Tests, 61 American Journal of International Law
66 (1967) Word
The Inductive Approach Revisited, 6 Indian Journal of International Law 509 (1966) Word
The Bantustan Proposals for South West Africa,
4 Journal of Modern African Studies
Apartheid in South West Africa: Five Claims
of Equality, 1 Portia Law Journal 59
Apartheid: Catalyst at the United Nations, 83 Christian Century 1303 (1966).
The Neo-Positivist Concept of International
Law, 59 American Journal of
International Law 321 (1965) Word
Deterring the French Tests (with Eleanor Roberts), 34 The Correspondent 55 (1965).
Treaties as a Source of General Rules of International
Law, 3 Harvard International
Law Journal 1 (1962) Word
E. SHORTER ARTICLES AND COMMENTARY
Old Approaches to International
Law, 36 Harvard Journal of International Law 509
Minutes of the Faculty Meeting, 1992 B.Y.U.L. Rev. 359 (Reprinted in Amicus humoriae : an anthology of legal humor) Word
Censorship, American Bar Association Journal, May 1989, p. 42.
The Ultimate Critical Legal Studies
Article: A Fissiparous Analysis, 37 Journal of
Legal Education 369 (1987).
The Authority of the United States
Executive to Interpret, Articulate or Violate the
Norms of International Law, 80 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 297 (1986) Word
The World Court, 80 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 214 (1986) Word
Address on Terrorism and International Law, 8 Whittier Law Review 789 (1986).
Professor Rubin's Reply Does Not
Live Up to its Title, 79 American Journal of
International Law 112 (1985).
Should the United States Reconsider
its Acceptance of World Court Jurisdiction?
79 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 99 (1985) Word
Is Equality a Totally Empty Idea? 81 Michigan Law Review 600 (1983) Word
Theory & Reality in International
Law, 75 Proceedings of the American Society of
International Law 166 (1981)
Professor Nagel's Reflections on Cardozo, 2 Cardozo Law Review 589 (1981)
Comment on Professor Falk's Remarks,
75 Proceedings of the American Society of
International Law 279 (1981)
Contemporary Views of the Sources
of International Law: The Effect of U.N.
Resolutions on Emerging Legal Norms, 73 Proceedings of the American
Society of International Law 300 (1979)
Professor Posner's Lecture on Privacy, 12 Georgia Law Review 497 (1978)
Watergate and Legal Education:
A Comment, 27 Journal of Legal Education 592
An Overview of the Problem,
in Who Protects The Ocean? 1 (John L. Hargrove ed.
Comments, in Law and Responsibility in Warfare 176 (Peter Trooboff ed. 1975)
Comments, Roscoe Pound—American
Trial Lawyers Foundation, The Powers of the
Presidency 34 (1975)
Congress, The Constitution and Presidential War, 9 Society 4 (1972).
The Interpretation of Treaties, 63 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 135 (1969)
Commentary on the Civil Rights Movement, 30 The Correspondent
F. BOOK REVIEWS
Rebecca J. Cook, Human Rights of Women:
National and International
Perspectives, 89 American Journal of International Law 840 (1995) Word
Louis Henkin et al., Right v. Might:
International Law and the Use of Force,
85 American Journal of International Law 201 (1991) Word
Maarten Bos: A Methodology of International
Law, 9 Maryland Journal of
International Law and Trade 207(1985).
The Structure and Process of International
Law: Essays in Legal Philosophy
Doctrine and Theory, 34 Journal of Legal Education 747 (1984).
Human Rights, European Politics,
and the Helsinki Accord: The Documentary
Evolution of the Conference on Security and Co-Operation in Europe 1973-
1975 (6 vols.), 78 American Journal of International Law 960 (1984) Word
G.J.H. von Hoff: Rethinking the Sources
of International Law, 78 American Journal
of International Law 937 (1984) Word
The Practice of Japan in International
Law, 1961-1970, 78 American Journal of
International Law 733 (1984) Word
Israel and Palestine: Assault on the
Law of Nations? 91 Yale Law
Essays on the Development of the International Legal Order, 76 AJIL 188 (1982)
Paul Ramsey: Ethics at the Edges of Life, 2 Cardozo Law Review 655 (1981)
United States Legislation on Foreign
Relations and International Commerce, 71
American Journal of International Law 200 (1978).
E.B.F. Midgley: The Natural
Law Tradition and the Theory of International
Relations, 72 American Political Science Review 804 (1978).
Philip C. Jessup: The Price of
International Justice, 69 American Political Science
Review 375 (1975).
Edgar Bodenheimer: Power, Law,
and Society, A Study of the Will to Power and
the Will to Law, Washington University Law Quarterly 375 (1974).
What Washington Said: Administration
Rhetoric and the Vietnam War, 68
American Journal of International Law 793 (1974).
H.W.A. Thirlway: International Customary
Law and Codification, 67 American
Journal of International Law 357 (1973).
Gwendolyn B. Folsom: Legislative History,
67 American Journal of International Law
Against the Crime of Silence, 57 California Law Review 1033 (1969).
Lesotho, Botswana, and Swaziland, 63 American Political Science Review 241 (1969).
B.S. Murty, Propaganda and World
Public Order, 62 American Political Science
Review 1392 (1968).
Martin Shapiro: Law and Politics in the
Supreme Court, 53 California Law Review
Myres S. McDougal and Associates:
Studies in World Public Order, 75 Harvard Law
Review 458 (1961). Word
G. ENCYCLOPEDIA ARTICLES
Justice, in The Philosophy of Law: An Encyclopedia
Indeterminacy,in The Philosophy of Law: An Encyclopedia
Anglo-Saxon Law (co-author
Stephen B. Presser), The Guide to American Law:
Everyone's Legal Encyclopedia.
Civil Rights Movement, The Guide to American Law: Everyone's Legal Encyclopedia.
Commonwealth, World Book Encyclopedia.
Condominium, World Book Encyclopedia.
Disobbedienza Civile, Enciclopedia delle Scienze Sociali.
Domestic Jurisdiction, Encyclopedia of Public International Law.
Enclave, World Book Encyclopedia.
Exile, World Book Encyclopedia.
Fiat, World Book Encyclopedia.
Free City, World Book Encyclopedia.
Good Faith, Encyclopedia of Public International Law.
Intertemporal Law, Encyclopedia of Public International Law.
Llewellyn, Karl, The Guide to American Law: Everyone's Legal Encyclopedia.
Mandated Territory, World Book Encyclopedia.
Nation, World Book Encyclopedia.
Protectorate, World Book Encyclopedia.
States' Rights Movement, The Guide to American Law: Everyone's Legal Encyclopedia.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution, The Guide to American Law: Everyone's Legal Encyclopedia.
Warren, Earl, The Guide to American Law: Everyone's Legal Encyclopedia.
Viceroy, World Book Encyclopedia.
H. MISCELLANEOUS PUBLICATIONS
Hedge Funds Race to the Bottom: Letter, Economists' Voice, June, 2008
Too Much Late-night Buffoonery at Robert
Op-Ed, Chicago Tribune, March 30, 2005, p.19
The Law of War—Selected Proceedings, 15 So. Ill. U.L.J. 563 (1991).
Millions for Memorials But Not
a Penny for Something Useful, Op- Ed, Chicago
Tribune, Feb. 9, 1990, p. 19 col. 1 (on Wallenberg case).
Art, the American Flag, and our Culture
of Freedom, Op-Ed, Chicago Tribune, Mar.
8, 1989, p. 17 col. 1.
Legislatures, Courts Should Butt Out,
Guest Column, USA Today, Apr. 2, 1987,
p. 10A, col. 2 (on "Baby M" case).
Dissent Protected—and the Right to Gloss
over History, Guest Column, Chicago
Sun-Times, July 3, 1989, p. 14, col. 1 (on Flag-burning case).
Gender and the Judiciary, AALS Jurisprudence Newsletter 3 (1987),
International Criminal Law and Human Rights (Rapporteur), Association
Internationale de Droit Penal, Nouvelles Etudes Penales 45 (1985).
How Does the Supreme Court Decide
Which Cases to Hear? in George
Gallup, America Wants to Know 488 (1983).
Can People Be Forced to Sell Their
Land to the Federal or State Government?
George Gallup, America Wants to Know 492 (1983).
Testimony on the Israeli Air Strike and International Law, The Israeli Air
Strike: Imagining A Judgment in the Case of Iraq v. Israel,
Hearings Before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 97th Congress, 1st
Session 80, 85-88 (1981). (Washington Star, June 15, 1981)
In Memoriam: Brunson MacChesney, 73 Northwestern Law Review 987 (1979).
A Proposed Environmental Rights Amendment,
in Robert Gesteland (ed.), Project
Survival (1970), reprinted in Joan C. Roloff & Robert C. Wylder (eds), There is
No "Away" 337 (1971).
On Survival, 6 Ripon Forum 16 (1970).
The War's Day in Court, 6 Ripon Forum 13 (1970).
H. OTHER MEDIA
Legality of Gaza Blockade 6-2-10 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5En3byJa9g
Customary International Law video, 2009/Realplayer
Human Rights and Enforcement video, 2009/Realplayer
The Sources of International Law video, 2009/Realplayer
I. PRINCIPAL LECTURES AND PAPERS AT PROFESSIONAL CONFERENCES
International Law Explained as a Complex Adaptive System Paper presented at Assoc. for Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) conference, Arlington, VA, Nov. 4-6, 2009. Also presented at faculty workshop, Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, Oct, 2009
Customary International Law;
Human Rights and Enforcement;
The Sources of International Law, three lectures on video, UN AV Library of International Law, 2009 DC http://untreaty.un.org/cod/avl/faculty/D-Amato.html
New Voices: Rethinking the Sources of International Law, Chair, ASIL panel, Washington, DC, March 26, 2009
Where Does International Law Come from and How is It Proved? Paper presented at Public International Law Discussion, British Branch, International Law Association, The Queen's College, Oxford, Sept. 14, 2007
“Where Does International Law Come from and How is It Proved? Oxford, Corpus Christi College, Philosophy of International Law, 2d workshop, (S. Besson responded ), Sept 13, 2007
When Lawyers Negotiate, An Invisible Judge is Present, NULS Faculty Workshop Day, Aug. 28, 2007
Sources of International Law, Philosophy of International Law workshop, response to Besson, S., , Fribourg , Switzerland , (1st of 2 workshops, Oxford University ), Feb 16-17, 2007
The Intersection of United States Constitutional Law with International and Foreign Law, Symposium panelist, dedication ceremony, Florida International University Law School Building, Miami, Feb 8-9, 2007
The Case for Natural Law: Legal Certainty, paper given at Legal Certainty Conference, Glasgow Graduate School of Law, Glasgow, Scotland, September 15, 2006
Legitimacy of Legislative and Executive Actions of International Institutions, paper given at Symposium on Legitimacy in International Law, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, June 13, 2006
Should customary international law have any domestic effect of its own in the US courts? Debate with Prof. McGinnis (Prof. Nzelibe moderating), Inaugural Meeting of the NULS Comparative Law Society, April 12, 2006
Dangers of Universal Jurisdiction (and the ICC), (with Prof. Kontorovich), Federalist Society Debate, NULS, March 27, 2006
Lecture on International Law, Loyola of Chicago Law School Seminar (Prof. Bilder, U. Wisconsin ), Feb 16, 2006
Logic, Quantum Logic, and Interdisciplinary Communication, paper at Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, July 21, 2005
International Law as a Complex Self-Regulating System, paper
at Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems,
Evanston, March 16, 2005
International Law as an Autopoetic System; paper read at Conference on Development of International Law, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg; November 15, 2003
Does Judge Posner Have the Right Conception of Judging? Debate with
Northwestern University, January 30, 2003
Computer Network Attack and International Law, Naval War College, June 22-25, 1999
Torture: Exploration of a New Human Rights Paradigm, interlocutor
of panel on
Persistence: Torture as Raison d'État, University of Chicago, March 4-7,1999
International Criminal Court/U.S. National Security, American
Association for the
Advancement of Science, Chicago, January 28-20, 1999
Genocide Convention 50th Anniversary, NY-ILA conference panel, Nov. 14, 1998
Accounting for Atrocities 50 Years Later, Bard College, October 5-6, 1998 (Panel on Law and War in Former Yugoslavia)
International Handling of War Crimes, June 19-21, 1998, Ditchley (England)
Conference on the Holocaust, Cardozo Law School, February 8-9, 1998
Human Rights in a Postsovereign World, International Studies
Annual Convention, Chicago, February 1995.
Suing Foreign Sovereigns in US Courts for Human Rights Violations,
Law Symposium, Whittier Law School, Los Angeles, June 1993.
Justice in a World of Legal Indeterminacy, Visiting Speaker Series,
School of Law, January 1992.
What is Justice? University Lecture, Visiting Speaker Series,
Drake University, January
Testimony on War Crimes of Iraqi Leaders, U.S. Senate Committee
Relations, April 1991.
Public Law Aspects of the Iraqi Crisis, Chicago Bar Association, November 1990.
US Military Attacks on Qaddafi and Noriega: What's Legal and Who
American Bar Association Annual Meeting, August 1990.
Testimony on a Proposed Peace Treaty with Germany, U.S. Senate
Foreign Relations, July 1990.
Free Speech and Religious, Racial and Sexual Harassment, Bill
Symposium, College of William & Mary, April 1990.
International Law and the Invasion of Panama, DePaul University
Lecture Series, February 1990.
International Law and Israel's Air Attack on the Iraqi Nuclear Reactor,
Canadian Professors for Peace in the Middle East, Ontario, Canada, May 1987.
The Arab-Israel Peace Process, American Professors for Peace in the
University of Chicago, February 1987.
Terrorism and International Law, International Law Symposium,
Whittier Law School, April 1986.
The Wallenberg Case, Faculty Seminar, New York University School
Jurisprudential Issues of Customary International Law, Annual
Meeting of the
Association of American Law Schools, New Orleans, January 1986.
The US and Compulsory Jurisdiction of the World Court, US House
of Representatives Seminar, September 1985.
The Armenian Genocide of 1915 and International Law, Armenian
Los Angeles, June 1985.
The Legality of U.S. Involvement in Nicaragua, Chicago Bar Association,
US Policy and Nicaragua, American Civil Liberties Union, Gary, Indiana, May 1985.
Normative Analysis and Legal Methodology, Arizona State Law School,
Arizona, January 1985.
Observations on the Teaching of International Legal Studies,
American Law Schools Workshop on Teaching International Law, Chicago,
Domestic Enforcement of Human Rights Norms, Annual Meeting of
American Bar Association, Chicago, August 1984.
International Human Rights Law in U.S. Courts, Symposium on International
Rights and the Law, University of Michigan, March 1984.
The Frolov Model as a Legal Remedy for Human Rights Violations,
Interreligious Legal Task Forces for Human Rights, Chicago, November, 1983.
Repressive Legislation in the German Democratic Republic, Forum
on Human Rights
and Freedom of Expression, Amnesty International, Chicago, November 1983.
Disarmament and International Law, Midyear Meeting, Illinois
State Bar Association,
Chicago, Nov. 1983.
Emerging Legal Recognition for the Rights of Animals, Conference
on Animal Rights,
DePaul University, October 1983.
Some Political Scientists Still Do Not Understand what International
Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago,
The MX Missile Defense System and International Law, Notre Dame
The Role of International Law in the 1980's, Comparative Law
Society of the DePaul
University College of Law, September, 1982.
Terrorism and Self-Determination, Forum of the World Without
Evanston Illinois, December 1980.
A Proposed Resolution on Violation of Islamic Law by Iranian People's
Siracusa Italy, May 1979.
Legal Aspects of Truth and Confidentiality in Medicine, Regional
Conference of the
Chicago Medical Society, Chicago, March 1979.
Comments on the Draft Convention on the Prevention and Suppression
Medical Experimentation, International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal
Science, Siracusa, Italy, March 1979.
Professional Ethics and the In-House Counsel, Annual Meeting
of the Electronics
Industry Association, Chicago, June 1978.
Human Rights as a Criterion for Conducting Foreign Policy, Simeon
Forum, Northwestern University, January, 1978.
Defining International Prohibitions Against Aggression, First
Law Conference, Racine Wisconsin, September 1971.
Schools, Cemeteries, and Mixed Marriages: The Supreme Court and Strategies
Desegregation, Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association,
Chicago, May 1968.
J. LETTERS TO THE NEW YORK TIMES AND OTHER JOURNALS ON LEGAL ISSUES
Transfer Payments vs. Economic Costs in the Iraq War,
The Economists' Voice 3.4 (2006)
On Iraq, Bush's Forces Are Split, Aug. 17, 2002
Young Refugees, Apr. 25, 1999.
Protect Simpson Children's Rights Too, Nov. 3, 1994.
International Law Won't Shield Libyan Agents, Mar. 3, 1992.
New Baby M Decision Will Breed Confusion, Feb. 18, 1988.
Surrogate Motherhood Should be Privatized, Mar. 3, 1987.
U.S. Needs a New Commitment to World Court, Feb. 1, 1986 (with Keith Highet).
A Treaty Obligation at the World Court, Feb. 4, 1985.
Law of the Sea, Dec. 29, 1982.
Intervention in Grenada, Oct. 30, 1982.
William Calley Case, Apr. 14, 1971.